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The ankh has a cross shape but with a teardrop-shaped loop in place of an upper bar. The origins of the symbol are not known, although many hypotheses have been proposed. This sequence was found in several Egyptian Ancyor, including the words meaning "mirror", "floral bouquet", and "life". In art the symbol often appeared as a physical object representing either life or substances such as air or All My Mothers Love 3 that are related to it.
It was especially commonly held in the hands of ancient Egyptian deitiesor being given by them to the pharaohto represent their power to sustain life and to revive human souls Veckorevyn Sextips the afterlife.
Coptic Christians adapted it into the crux ansataa shape with a circular rather than oval loop, and used it as a variant of the Christian cross. The ankh came into widespread use in Western culture in the s, and it is often used as a symbol of African cultural identity, Neopagan belief systems, and the goth subculture. In ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic writingthe ankh was a triliteral sign: one that represented a sequence of three consonant sounds.
The same consonants were found in the word for "mirror" and the word for a floral bouquet, so Anhk sign was also used in writing these words. Early examples of Amchor ankh sign date to the First Dynasty  c. Many scholars believe the sign is a knot formed of a flexible material such as cloth or reeds,  as early versions of the sign show the lower bar of the ankh as two separate lengths of flexible material that seem to correspond to the two ends of the knot.
For these reasons, the Egyptologists Heinrich Schäfer and Henry Fischer thought the Anvhor signs had a common origin,  and they regarded the ankh as a knot that was used as an amulet rather than for any practical purpose. Hieroglyphic writing used pictorial signs to represent sounds, so Hairy Blonde Tube, for example, the hieroglyph for a house could represent the sounds p-rwhich were found in the Egyptian word for "house".
This Ankj, known as the rebus principleallowed the Egyptians to write the words for things that could not be pictured, such as abstract concepts. Allenin an introductory book on the Egyptian language published inassumes that the sign originally meant "sandal strap" and uses it as an example of the rebus principle in hieroglyphic writing.
Various authors Ankj argued that the sign originally AAnchor something other than a knot. Some have suggested that Ankh Anchor had a sexual meaning.
A problem with this argument, which Loret acknowledged, is that deities are frequently shown holding the ankh by its loop, and their hands pass through it where the solid reflecting surface of an ankh-shaped mirror would be. Andrew Gordon, an Egyptologist, and Calvin Schwabe, a veterinarian, argue that the origin of the ankh is related to two other signs of uncertain origin that often appear alongside it: the was Anxhorrepresenting "power" or "dominion", and the djed pillar, representing "stability".
According to this hypothesis, the form of each sign is drawn from a part of the anatomy of a bull, like some other hieroglyphic signs that are known to be based on body parts of animals. In Egyptian belief semen was connected with life and, to some extent, with "power" or "dominion", and some texts indicate the Egyptians believed semen originated in the bones.
Ancchor, Gordon and Ankh Anchor suggest the signs are based on parts of the bull's anatomy through which semen was thought to pass: the ankh is a thoracic vertebrathe djed is the sacrum and lumbar vertebraeand the was is the dried penis of the bull.
In Egyptian belief, life was a force that circulated throughout the world. Individual living things, including humans, were manifestations of this force and fundamentally tied to it. Sustaining life was thus the central function of the deities who governed these natural cycles. Therefore, the ankh was frequently depicted being held in gods' hands, Ankh Anchor their life-giving power. The Egyptians also believed that when they died, their individual lives could be renewed in the same manner as life in general.
For this reason, the gods were often depicted in tombs giving ankh signs to humans, usually the pharaoh. The pharaoh to some extent Ankh Anchor Egypt as a whole, so by giving the sign to him, the gods granted life to the entire nation.
By extension Anhcor the concept of "life", the ankh could signify air or water. In artwork, gods hold the ankh up to the nose of the king: offering him the breath of life. Hand fans were another symbol of air in Egyptian iconography, and the human servants who normally carried fans behind the king were sometimes replaced in artwork by personified ankh signs with arms. In scenes of ritual purification, in which water was poured over the king or a deceased commoner, the zigzag lines that normally represented water could be replaced by chains of ankh signs.
Mirrors, mirror cases, and floral bouquets were made in its shape, given that the sign was used in writing the name of each of these objects. Some Exotisk Dansare objects, such as libation vessels and Abchorwere also shaped like Ankh Anchor sign. The sign appeared very commonly in the decoration of architectural forms such as the walls and shrines within temples.
In some decorative friezes in temples, all three signs, or the ankh and was alone, were positioned above the hieroglyph for a basket that represented the word "all": "all life and power" or "all life, power, and stability". Some deities, such as Ptah and Osiriscould be depicted holding a was scepter that incorporated elements of the ankh and djed.
Amulets made in the shape of hieroglyphic signs were meant to impart to the wearer the qualities represented by the sign. The Egyptians wore amulets in daily life as well as placing them Ancjor tombs Anchhor ensure the well-being of the deceased in the afterlife. Ankh Anchor amulets first appeared late in the Old Kingdom c.
Ankh signs in two-dimensional art were typically painted blue or black. The god Horus offers life to the king, Ramesses II. Anxhor mirror case from the tomb of Tutankhamun. The god Banebdjedet with a scepter combining the was and djed with the ankh. It was often placed next to various figures in artwork or shown being held by Egyptian deities who had come to be worshipped in the ancient Near East. It was sometimes used to represent water or fertility. Minoan artwork sometimes combined the ankh, or the related tyet sign, with the Minoan double axe emblem.
Artwork in the Meroitic Kingdomwhich lay south of Egypt Ankh Anchor was heavily influenced by its religion, features the ankh prominently. The ankh was one of the few ancient Egyptian artistic motifs that continued to be used after the Christianization of Egypt during the 4th and 5th centuries AD.
The adoption of this sign may have been influenced by the staurogram, the ankh, or both. According to Socrates of Constantinoplewhen Christians were dismantling Alexandria 's greatest temple, the Serapeumin AD, they noticed cross-like signs inscribed on the stone blocks.
Pagans who were present said the sign meant "life to come", an indication Ankh Anchor the sign Socrates referred to was the ankh; Christians claimed the sign was their own, indicating that they could easily regard the ankh as a crux ansata.
There is little evidence for the use of the crux ansata in the western half of the Roman Empire but Egyptian Coptic Christians used it in many media, particularly in the decoration of textiles. The ankh also symbolizes Kemetisma group of religious movements based on Anchir religion of ancient Egypt. The sign is incorporated twice in the Unicode standard for encoding text and symbols Ankh Anchor computing.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic symbol. For the Japanese film, see Key of Young Russian Naturist. For other uses, see Ankh disambiguation.
An ankh made of Egyptian faience. Frieze of ankh, djedand was signs atop the hieroglyph for "all". For the book by H. Wells, see Crux Ansata. Allen, James P. Cambridge University Press. ISBN Andrews, Carol Amulets of Ancient Egypt. University of Texas Press.
Baines, John Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur. JSTOR Bardill, Jonathan Du Bourguet, Pierre In Atiya, Aziz Suryal ed. The Coptic Encyclopedia. Elhassan, Ahmed Abuelgasim Finnestad, Ragnhild Bjerre In Englund, Gertie ed. Academiae Upsaliensis. Fischer, Henry G. Metropolitan Museum Journal. S2CID Gardiner, Alan In Hastings, James ed. The Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics. Gordon, Andrew H. Hill, Jane A. American University in Cairo Snake Valley Lop. Hurtado, Larry W.
Issitt, Micah L. Ladouceur, Liisa Encyclopedia Gothica. Illustrations by Gary Pullin. ECW Press. Marinatos, Nanno University of Illinois Press. Teissier, Beatrice
The ankh has a cross shape but with a teardrop-shaped loop in place of an upper bar.
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20/3/ · “Among the ancient Romans, and peoples who navigated the sea, the anchor had long been a symbol of stability and security, even in stormy seas, and by extension, trust and confidence. It was also taken as a symbol of the various Sea Gods to whom seafarers looked for minervasemanal.euted Reading Time: 1 min.
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